Types of technology

Technology | Types Of Technology | Technology Features

Technology is the set of scientific notions and knowledge that humans use to achieve a precise objective, which can be the solution of a specific problem of the individual or the satisfaction of any of their needs.

It is a broad concept that encompasses a wide variety of aspects and disciplines within  electronics,  art  or medicine. For example: The creation of robots for the automation of repetitive tasks or animal cloning .

It can serve you: Nanotechnology

Types of technologies

Technology can be classified in different ways depending on the characteristics that are taken into account.

According to the type of product

Hard technologies

They use elements of the hard sciences such as engineering, mechanics, mathematics, physics, chemistry . The product obtained is visible and tangible, that is, it is the production of material goods. For example: the development of a mobile device.

Soft technologies

They are based on the humanistic or soft sciences, such as  sociology, psychology, economics. In general, they are used to improve processes and achieve greater efficiency in institutions or companies. The product obtained is neither visible nor tangible, since it consists of the development of services, strategies, theories. For example: the development of software.

Flexible technologies

They are used in different areas, that is, they have several uses. For example: the microchip that is used in telephones and computers.

Fixed technologies

They are used for the production of a certain product, or in a certain area. They are technologies designed and produced for a single purpose.

For example: rat poison is used only for the elimination of said animal.

According to the level of innovation

Cutting edge technologies

Also called “high technologies” or “latest technology”, they are more advanced technologies, available in a certain place and time.

Appropriate technologies

They are technologies that are designed taking into account the environmental , social and economic impact in a given society.

According to your application

Operating technologies

They are obtained after a long period of time of study, observation and experience.

Computer Technologies

They are developed by the manufacturers of a certain product.

Product technologies

They combine tools and knowledge to produce a certain product.

Importance of technology

The discoveries and the appearance of new tools produced through technology were key to human and societal development . Technology brings great discoveries that make it possible to improve production, save time, increase quality of life , facilitate life in society, shorten distances, get to know the planet .

Technology emerged as a need for man to meet individual and collective desires using scientific knowledge and techniques to solve problems and satisfy their needs. It has allowed human beings to know in depth the environment that surrounds them and to modify it to achieve their ends. Through the centuries man invented and modified tools to improve his lifestyle.

Technology has brought discoveries in the field of medicine, advances in access to information, communication and transportation, in the simplification of tasks.

Technology features

It is present in all areas of personal life and in society , such as work, education , medicine, communication.

It allows to manufacture new objects : through it, the human being modifies the environment that surrounds him.

It is responsible for most of man’s discoveries .

If it is used well, it improves the quality of life of the human being, if it is used badly it can cause serious damage to individuals and society.

It is subject to change (technological changes occur discontinuously).

Its developments involve cultural , labor and social changes .

Uneven technological development can generate social and economic gaps within a community or between regions or nations .

Examples of technologies

Robotics: It uses tools and knowledge from various disciplines (electronic engineering, electrical engineering, computer science ) for the design and manufacture of robots. These robots are expected to be able to perform automated tasks and jobs that are routine and tedious for humans or lower production costs in industries.

Cryptocurrencies: They are a type of digital currency that uses distributed ledger technology (allows you to record and synchronize transactions between multiple users in different locations).

3d print: It is a type of addition printing that efficiently creates unique parts and complex geometries on a wide variety of materials. Through 3D printing, a three-dimensional object is created by superimposing the layers of materials, and it is used in many industries for different uses.

Artificial intelligence: It involves the creation of machines that mimic the cognitive functions of human beings. This technology is used in various disciplines such as economics, medicine, transportation, video game software, systems control, handwriting recognition, speech recognition, and pattern recognition in online assistants.

Autonomous vehicles: Technology is used to create driverless cars that are programmed to mimic human capabilities for driving and control. This type of vehicle perceives the environment through laser systems, radars, computerized vision. There are several programs that are testing this new technology to see if it can be used extensively.
Biotechnology: It is the discipline that uses technology to create products from biological systems and living organisms. Biotechnology has been responsible for the creation of vaccines and antibodies and is used in medicine, agriculture, industry and care of the environment.

Relationship between science and technology

The concept of technology is often confused with that of science. On the one hand, science is an ordered set of knowledge that is obtained through observation and experimentation .

On the contrary, technology takes knowledge and techniques from different sciences and uses them to develop tangible and intangible goods or services that contribute to human development .

While science allows knowing certain phenomena, technology deals with combining and modifying them efficiently to solve a problem or satisfy a need. Therefore, technology depends entirely on the existence of science. Scientific advances also imply new opportunities for technological development.

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